Depression is a common mental health condition. The symptoms include feeling of sadness that persists for more than a few days, Tiredness and lack of energy, low self esteem and lack of confidence, poor concentration, loss of enjoyment from things and activities that are usually enjoyable, loss of pleasure or interest, isolating self from others, feeling hopeless and helpless, Sleep problems- sleeping too much or not sleeping, difficulties in getting off to sleep or waking up much earlier than usual, broken sleep, change of appetite- eating to much or not eating, weight changes, losing weight or gaining weight, feelings of guilt or worthlessness, loss of sex drive, inability to function at work, college or school, aches and pains with no clear physical causes, having thought about suicide and death and in some cases Self-harming behaviour.
Depression symptoms can be mild to moderate to severe.
What causes depression:
various factors can contribute to developing depression. Biological factors such as genetic factors or experience of physical illness or injury, psychological or social factors such as childhood experiences, losing job, bereavement, life-changing events like pregnancy, moving house, long-standing or life-threatening illness, such as heart disease, back pain or cancer, can be contributing factors.
People with a family history of depression are more likely to experience depression, but people can become depressed even without family history of depression.
Depression is a fairly common condition. It can affect people from different walk of life, and at different ages.
Treatment of depression
Treatment for depression is usually a combination of lifestyle changes, talking therapies and medication and recommended treatment will be based on severity of depression.
For mild depression, it is suggested that one should wait to see whether it improves on its own. This is called “watchful waiting”. Life style changes such as exercise and healthy diet might also help as well as self-help materials.
Talking therapies, such as cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) are often used for mild or moderate depression. Antidepressants are also sometimes prescribed.
For moderate to severe depression, a combination of talking therapy and antidepressants is often recommended.
Many people with depression benefit from lifestyle changes, such as getting more exercise, cutting down on alcohol, giving up on smoking and eating healthily.
Reference : amir hashemi tari